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College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences


Study Implemention

About the Research

Click the links below to read more about on-farm research and statistics.

a crew working in the hops field

Study Protocols

Click on any of the studies below to review the standard protocols used to complete them.

Additional protocols will be added regularly, please check back. 


  • Replication allows us to estimate the error associated with carrying out the experiment itself. A minimum of 3 replications are needed for a field study, with more than 3 recommended to ensure that treatments are thoroughly evaluated. Without replication, it would be impossible to determine what factor or definite cause contributed to any treatment differences.

  • Randomization is just as important as replication to help account for any variations. Even if you replicated treatments, the conclusions you reach may not be correct if a treatment was always applied to the same part of the field. Randomization prevents data from being biased based on its location in a field. 

a pumpkin field